Factors for Transition from Slavery to Feudalism
Factors for Transition from Slavery to Feudalism | Slave: Is a person who is owned by another persob as an instrument of production. Slave master: is a person who own another person as an instrument of production.
Slavery: refers to a situation in a society where a person is owned by another purposely as an instrument of production.
Slavery mode of production: was the second mode of production which characterized by private ownership of the major means of production.
However slave mode was the second mode in human history but also was the first exploitative mode of man by man. Under slavery system, slaves could not acquire wealthy and could not cultivate own land. However slavery in Africa never existed as an institution except in Egypt Muslim communities and on the coast of East Africa. Normally lave mode exiated to some few parts of Africa as an institution and not as a mode of production these areas were.
In Zanzibar where by slavery existed after Sultan Seyyid Said shifted his capital from Muscat-Oman to Zanzibar in 1840, so slaves were taken from Central and East Africa to perform various activities or tasks in Zanzibar island like domestic activities such as cooking, mopping, fetching water, keeping gates (watch), taking care of elders and children and others offered labour in cloves and coconut plantations.
In Egypt; where by slaves were taken from western Sudan and forest areas to perform various activities during Pharaoh’s regime (Period)(rule), these activities were such as constructing canals, making calendar, building tombs, performing various domestic activities.
Maghreb societies (Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria); slaves were taken from various parts of Western Africa And Northern East Africa to perform various activities in Maghreb societies, for example they were taken to offer their labour in Agriculture like palm dates and domestic activities.
TRANSITION FROM SLAVERY TO FEUDALISM
Normally as already be explained at the beggining of the topic, African society were not static rather than dynamic they were subjected to changes from one form of life to another. However African society started to transform from premitive communalism to slavery hence from slave mode to feudalism and this was another evidence proving that pre-colonial African societies were dynamic.
FACTORS FOR TRANSITION FROM SLAVERY TO FEUDALISM
There are several factors behind the disintegration of slavery and the rise of feudalism. However the factors behind the transformation was influenced by the nature of environment. Some of the factors are:-
Improvement of productive forces: during the slavery; changed the social and technical relation of production and geared to the decline of slave mode of production and the rise of feudalism.
Existence of class struggle against slavery: The series of slaves uprising against the masters at the end of the day led to collapse of slave mode of production and hence emergence of feudalism.
Improvement of productive forces: The existed productive forces failed to correspond with social and technical relational production (relation of production).
According to Karl Marx (1818-1883) pointed out that if productive forces and social and technical relation of production in a certain mode of production are not going hand in hand with the existing mode of production then such mode of production will collapse and pave a way to another mode of production.
Slaves lacked interest in labour: they frequently destroyed the equipment of production owned by slave masters hence slavery collapsed.
The cruel exploitation of slaves and oppression: done by the save masters to slaves led the slaves to revolt against the slave masters hence slaves became free from being controlled by the slave masters this led to the collapse of slavery(slave mode of production).
Loss of interests: Both the Slave owners (slave maters) with vast number of slaves were not interested to include the modern working tools of production, they become Conservatives and they continued to use the old productive forces which automatically led to the collapse of slave mode of production.
The constant military invasion: This has led to the decrease in number of slaves and the prices to get slaves increased, hence resulted slave masters failed to continue with this mode of production (slavery).